1.1 Sample Exercises
Complete the following sentences by using the suitable articles ‘a,’ or ‘an’ and ‘the’:
1. Ram goes to the temple every day.
2. I bought a new mobile.
3. Goa is a paradise for all hippies.
4.  Man is the highest form of creation.
5. Please open the window.
6. Gramophone is a devise for recording and reproducing sound and music.
7. The inspector of the prison was hated by the prisoners.
8. Suresh is a good painter.
9. Most of the people in this village are honest.
10. What a beautiful person she is!
11. Arjun returned after an hour.
12. Which is the longest river in India?
13. An umbrella is a useful thing during rainy season.
14. Not everyone gets an opportunity to become famous.
15. Life is like a concert to me.
16. The Science of life is not as complicated as rocket science.
17. My friend is an M.A. in Sanskrit.
18. The time flies as fast as an eagle.
19. Sanskrit is a difficult language.
20. He is an efficient employee.

1.2 Sample Exercises
1.2.1 Exercise: The underlined prepositions are not correct. Rewrite the following
sentences using correct prepositions:
1. Education is a means for an end.
Education is a means without an end
2. Reenu has a great admiration of Wax Museum.
Reenu has a great admiration for Wax Museum
3. It is not good to be ashamed for one’s work.
It is not good to ashamed of one’s work.
4. Rajat spoke to me at the mobile.
Rajat spoke to me on the mobile.
5. This machine has not been in use from 2000.
This machine has not been in use since 2000
6. The factories in Pune remain closed for Thursdays.
The factories in Pune remain closed on Thursdays.
7. I shall send you this CD latest on 10 February.
I shall send you this CD latest by 10 February.
8. What are you looking for so fixedly?
What are you looking at so fixedly?
9. The farmers are tired from work.
The farmers are tired of work.
10. Kunal is guilty for rudeness.
Kunal is guilty of rudeness.
11. Kaveri is afraid with a dog.
Kaveri is afraid of a dog.
12. People cannot abide to the new rules.
People cannot abide by the new rules.
13. We have to listen for what our parents say.
We have to listen to what our parents say.
14. There is no exception of this rule.
There is no exception for this rule.
15. Tarun has an ambition to higher position.
Tarun has an ambition for higher position.
16. Our College is situated of Shivaji Road.
Our College is situated near Shivaji Road.
17. I am younger from my brother.
I am younger than my brother.
18. The cashier was not on the counter.
The cashier was not at the counter.
19. Prince fell in the well.
Prince fell into the well.
20. Water flows on the bridge.
Water flows under the bridge.

1.3.1 Select correct coordinating conjunctions to be filled in the given passage from the list
given here: (and, or, but, so, nor, yet, still, therefore).
a) It was raining heavily therefore we cancelled our trip to Goa.
b) Teachers and parents shape the lives of children.
c) Walking is a very good exercise but many people don’t go for it.
d) You can eat your cake with a spoon or a fork.
e) His two favourite sports are Football and Tennis.
f) I wanted to go to the beach but Mary refused.
g) She is a vegetarian, but she doesn’t eat any meat.
h) Jennifer doesn’t like to swim nor she enjoys cycling.
i) The students didn’t submit the assignments nor did they consult the teacher.
j) It is a small car yet it is surprisingly spacious.
1.3.2 Select correct subordinating conjunctions to be filled in the given passage from the
list given here: (Unless, if, when, because, as if, although, after, before, as soon as)
a) The train had already departed before I reached the station.
b) Sachin scored more after getting tips from his coach.
c) I shall contact him as soon as he comes back.
d) You will not get success unless you work hard.
e) Seema didn’t come to college because she was out of station.
f) Ashok will get the job if he deserves it.
g) He was behaving in such a way as if he was a king.
h) Although he got enough time, he could not complete his assignment within time.
i) You should finish your homework when I get back to home.

1.3.3 Sample Exercise for the usage of Co-ordinating conjunctions. (Either……or,
neither……. nor, not only…. but also, as……as, if…….then, whether…..or)
a) If my parents allow then I’ll decide to come with you.
b) Dr. Kalam was not only a scientist but also an author of many famous books.
c) The management will decide whether to install this machine or not.
d) Ritu is neither tall nor intelligent than Deepa.
e) Either you finish your work or leave your job.
f) Your company offers not only a good salary but also an opportunity to grow.

Tense (Correct form of verb)
1.6 Sample Exercises
Rewrite the following sentences using correct form of verbs given in bracket.
1. When you arrive tonight, we……….. (go) out for dinner.
When you arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner.
2. Whenever we meet, we ……….. (plan) a trip.
Whenever we meet, we plan/will plan a trip
3. The sun ……….. (shine) brightly.
The sun shines brightly.
4. Vijay ……….. (wait) for me when I arrived.
Vijay was waiting for me when I arrived.
5. I promise I ……….. (not/tell) him about the surprise party.
I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.
6. Shikhar Dhawan ……….. (score) a century in the last match.
Shikhar Dhawan scored a century in the last match.
7. I ……….. (get) hungry. Let's go and have something to eat.
I am getting hungry. Let’s go and have something to eat.
8. …….. (have) you ever ……….. (visit) the U.S. before your trip in 2006?
Have you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006?
9. Who ……….. (invent) the bicycle?
Who invented the bicycle?
10. Yesterday evening the phone ……….. (ring) three times while we ……….. (have)
Yesterday evening the phone rang three times while we were having dinner.
11. When I met you last time, you ……….. (think) of moving to a new flat.
When I met you last time, you were thinking of moving to a new flat.
12. She only understood the movie because she ……….. (read) the book.
She only understood the movie because she had read the book.
13. Can you ……….. (help) me move this heavy table?
Can you help me move this heavy table?
14. Hello Nitya, I ……….. (not/see) you for ages. How are you?
Hello Nitya, I haven’t seen you for ages. How are you?
15. We can go out now. It ……….. (not/rain) any more.
We can go out now. It is not raining any more.
16. He ……….. (go) to that place every year.
He goes to that place every year.
17. There I……….. (notice) how important it……….. (be) to speak English nowadays.
There I noticed how important it is to speak English nowadays.
18. And I……….. (already begin /) to read the novel.
And I already began to read the novel.
19. If I ……….. (pass) my exams successfully, I……….. (start) an apprenticeship in
If I pass my exams successfully, I will start an apprenticeship in September.
20. while I ……….. (do) the language course, I ……….. (meet) lots of young people from all
over the world.
While I was doing the language course, I met lots of young people from all over the world.

Change the voice.
1.7.4 Sample Exercise: Change the voice.
1) I sent the report yesterday.
The report was sent by me yesterday.
2) The restaurant was renovated by me in 2004.
I renovated the restaurant in 2004.
3) The girls were singing songs when I went into the hall.
Songs were being sung by the girls when I had gone into the hall.
4) By whom was she taught French?
Who taught her French?
5) I will clean the house every Saturday.
The house will be cleaned by me every Saturday.
6) Let the door be shut.
Shut the door.
7) Grammar is taught to us by Prof. Gokhale.
Prof. Gokhale teaches us grammar.
8) The publisher had printed the book.
The  book had been printed by the publisher.
9) He will be forgiven by the teacher.
The teacher will forgive him.
10) The fire destroyed the whole forest.
The whole forest was destroyed by the fire.
11) The two ministers are signing the treaty.
The treaty was being sung by the two ministers.
12) Marry generously donated money to the homeless shelter.
Money was generously donated by Marry to the homeless shelter.
13) Susan will bake two dozen cupcakes for the sale.
Two dozen cupcakes will be baked by Susan for the sale.
14) Who ate the last cookie?
By whom was the last cookie eaten?
15) Will your brother pay your fees today?
Will your fees be paid by your brother?
16) The director will give you instructions.
Instructions will be given to you by the director.
17) Who did this?
By whom was this done?
18) Let this post be advertised.
Advertise this post.
19) The kangaroo carried her baby in her pouch.
Her baby was carried by the kangaroo in her pouch.
20) The robber has been caught by the police.
The police caught the robber.

Direct & Indirect (Narration) Speech (Reported Speech)
1.8.1 Sample Exercise: Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.
1) Geeta said, “I do yoga daily.”
Geeta said that She does yoga everyday.
2) She said to me, “What do you want now?”
She asked me what I wanted then.
3) I said to him, “Are you going for the party?”
I asked him if he was going for the party.
4) The monitor said, “Sir, some students were making noise yesterday.”
The monitor told/informed sir that some students had been making noise the day before.
5) The servant says, “The master is not at home.”
The servant says that the master was not at home.
6) Anju said, “I wrote a letter.”
Anju said that she had written a letter.
7) The Prime Minister said, “India became independent in 1947.”
The Prime Minister said that India Had become independent in 1947.
8) He said to the policemen, “Please save me.”
He asked/requested the policemen to save him.
9) The old man said to her, “Obey your elders.”
The old man advised her to obey her elders.
10) The girl said, “Hurrah! I have won a gold medal.”
The girl exclaimed that She had won a gold medal.
11) Raju said, “Gautam must go tomorrow”.
Raju said that Gautam must go the next day.
12) He said, “I have passed the physical test.”
He said that he had passed the physical test.
13) "Don't play on the grass, boys," she said.
She warned boys not to play on the grass.
14) "You should revise your lessons," he said to me.
He advised me that I should revise my lessons.
5) "I shall appreciate it," he said.
He said that he should appreciate it.
16) Emma said "People in Africa are starving."
Emma said that people in Africa were starving.
17) "I brought you this book," she said to him
She told him that she had brought him that book.
18) Param said to me, "He moved a year ago."
Param told me that he had moved a year before.
19) He said to me "I have not done it today."
He told me he had not done it that day.
20) She said to him, “I don’t believe you”.
She told him that she didn’t believe him.

Exercise 4.1 : 

Choose the correctly spelt word and write.
a) i. noticable ii. noticeble iii. noticeable ………………………
b) i. begining ii. beginning iii. bigening ………………………
c) i. skillfully ii. skilfully iii. skillfuly ………………………
d) i. childs ii. children iii. childrens ………………………
e) i. happyness ii. happiness iii. happines ………………………
f) i. courageous ii. corageous iii. courageus ………………………
g) i. alltogether ii. altogethar iii. altogether ……………………….
h) i. completly ii. completely iii. completelly ……………………….
i) i. definitely ii. definitly iii. definately ……………………….
j) i. greatful ii. gratefull iii. grateful ……………………….
k) i. unique ii. unic iii. uniqe ……………………….
l) i. leafs ii. leaffs iii. leaves ……………………….
m) i. referred ii. refered iii. reffered ……………………….
n) i. counsellor ii. counselar iii. counselor ……………………….
o) i. ninth ii. nineth iii. nintth ……………………….
p) i. vacancys ii. vacancies iii. vacancyes ……………………….
q) i. angrily ii. angryly iii. angrilly ……………………….
r) i. beginer ii. beginner iii. begginer ……………………….
s) i. keys ii. keyes iii. keies ……………………….
t) i. beautyful ii. beautiful iii. beautifull ……………………….

Exercise 4.2: 
The underlined words in the following sentences are used incorrectly.
Replace them with the correct words and rewrite the sentences:

a) The principle of the college was present for the meeting.
b) The rein of Akbar was spectacular in history.
c) A hoard of dacoits looted the village. Herd
d) They had morning in their house at the death of their mother.
e) We salute our army personal.
f) No deserts were served after the dinner.
g) I do not know weather my dad will come or not.
h) The goods train is stationery.
i) Ram is very week.
j) My new home is very specious.
k) The soldiers show a lot of metal during wars.
l) The boss complemented his employees on their success.
m) The jasmine flowers are flagrant.

Exercise 4.3: 
Write sentences using the following collocations:
a) Break the ice: 
Jim organized a few party games to break the ice
b) Catch a cold/catch cold: 
Put on more clothes so you don't catch cold.
c) Catch sight of :
I catch sight of myself in the mirror.
d) Catch fire: 
There is a remote possibility that battery chargers can catch fire.
e) Catch someone’s attention: 
The movement caught Giddon's attention.
f) Come to the point: 
I'm in a hurry, so come to the point
g) Run out of time:
I couldn’t reach there as I ran out of time.
h) Have a good time: 
They just want to come here and have a good time
i) Keep a diary: 
Rahul keeps a diary in English .
j) Get the message:
I got the message from my friend.
k) Get nowhere: 
Arguments will get us nowhere.
l) Keep cool:
You should keep your cool in difficult situation.
m) Keep an appointment: 
I couldn't keep the appointment.
n) Draw your attention to: 
I would like to draw your attention to English .
o) Save time:
We should learn how to save time.

Exercise 4.4: 
Write sentences using the idioms:

a) In a nutshell:
to be brief and straight to the point.
I just want to know the real matter in a nutshell.
b) At the outset:
at the beginning
 I never expected this play to be so successful at the outset.
c) A bosom friend:
One's close or closest friend
We grew up right next door to each other, so wehave been bosom friends
d) In full swing:
Well underway and continuing at a fast pace When we arrived at 10 o’clock, the party was already in full swing.
e) Hit the hay:
To get into bed and go to sleep
 have to get up early for work tomorrow, so I think I'd better hit the hay.
f) In the dark:
knowing nothing about something: /ignorant about something
She's in the dark about how this machine works.
g) True to the salt:
Faithful to their employers
The soldiers were true to their salt
h) For the sake of:
Out of regard or respect for someone or something; 
They stayed together for the sake of the family.
i) In a state of:
to become nervous and upset  
She gets herself into a real state worrying about her exams.
j) Look forward to:
To excitedly anticipate something.
I'm really looking forward to your visit next week.
k) Look out for:
 Be careful of or watchful for something or someone I always look out for deals when I'm shopping.
l) Turn down:
To dismiss, reject, spurn, or refuse someone or something. We turned down Joan,even though her credentials were good.
m) Lay down:
 To set or put someone or something down.
I won’t lay down my parents.
n) Get your walking papers:
To be dismissed from employment or to be ordered to leave or move on from a place.
“You'd better clean up your act or you're going to get your walking papers.”
o) By all means:
Certainly; absolutely. 
I will attempt to get there by all means.

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Unknown said…
Tnx for the giving ans.
Unknown said…
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Unknown said…
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Unknown said…
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Unknown said…
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Sameer said…
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Unknown said…
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